The origins of cricket lie somewhere in the Dark Ages – probably after the Roman Empire, almost certainly before the Normans invaded England, and almost certainly somewhere in Northern Europe. All research concedes that the game derived from a very old, widespread and uncomplicated pastime by which one player served up an object, be it a small piece of wood or a ball, and another hit it with a suitably fashioned club. Cricket is a national sports of England. Today Cricket is a very popular game in some countries. But it is not played everywhere in the world. Cricket is a thrill both to play the game and to watch it and its importance is no less than any sporting event. The game also encourages team spirit, fosters discipline, helps build up character and brings out the quality of leadership.
The game of Cricket is played between two sides, each having eleven players. The cricket ball is rather small and very hard. On the wicket at each end there are three sticks with bails on them. One batsman stands at each end while a bowler throws the ball to hit the sticks on stumps. The batsman stands before the stumps to hit the ball before it hits the stumps. While one side fields and bowls, the other side bats. Two umpires conduct the game. The game of the Rajwada Cricket League is also a good specimen of division of work. Every player has a specific job to fulfill. The bowlers are expert in bowling. The batsman makes runs with his bat. The wicket-keeper knows well about his job. And, all the players that take to fielding try hard to save runs.
Three functions of the players are:
Batsmen: one who scores runs of the balls bowled by the bowler.
Bowler: One who bowls, and tries to get the batsmen “out” (dismissed from the ground).
Fielder: Players (10) who assist the bowler in achieving his goal, and prevent the batsmen from scoring runs.
Runs can be scored in a number of ways: each time that the batting pair is able to run between the all wickets after the RCL T20 ball has been bowled (and before the stumps are or potentially can be touched with the ball) a run is scored. If the ball travels outside of the playing area, and it has touched the ground prior to leaving the playing area, 4 runs are scored. If the ball does not touch the ground on its way out, 6 runs are scored.
The object for the bowling side is to dismiss the batsmen as economically as possible. Once the process is complete the roles are reversed, i.e. the side which were batting then bowl and the bowling side then bat. This reversal may happen only the once (typically in ‘one-day’ or ‘limited overs’ cricket) or twice, as in county or international test match cricket. There are three main factors that contribute to developing a bowling injury:
- Physical preparation; and
- Bowling workload